Cadeia do Espinhaço

Chapter 9

São Miguel das Figuras

The Bandeirantes expanded Portuguese America from the small limits of the Tordesilhas Line to roughly the same territory as current Brazil. This expansion discovered mineral wealth that made the fortune of Portugal during the 17th and 18th centuries. They ventured into unmapped regions in search of profit and adventure. From 1580-1670 the Bandeirantes focused on slave hunting, then from 1670-1750 they focused on mineral wealth. Their expeditions focused on finding gold, silver and diamond mines.

In 1775, a bandeirante known as Romão Gramacho Falcão promised that wherever he found gold, he would build a church. Upon arriving on the hills of the Serra das Figuras (today Jacobina), he did find gold. History goes that he saw the Archangel Miguel in the trunk of a native tree and there - with slaves and Indians - he built a beautiful church in honor of St. Michael, protector of miners.

I visited the ruins of the church twice during the years and was always impressed with the majestic scenery and its mystical ambience where bromeliads thrive in splendor. Adroaldo introduced me to Ester Oliveira de Araujo and her husband Agnaldo, zealous guardians of the ruins which still receive pilgrims for the mass celebrated once a year.

During my first visit while exploring the surroundings I saw the most extraordinary of the creatures, later identified with the help of Dr. J. Frank Howard as Anteros formosus. Photo is included.


Photos by Oscar Ribeiro

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Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea bromelifolia
Aechmea
bromelifolia
Aechmea bromelifolia
Aechmea
bromelifolia
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Arvore
Arvore
Adobe hut
Adobe hut
Adobe hut
Adobe hut
Anteros formosus
Anteros
formosus
Anteros formosus
Anteros
formosus
Barbacenia blanchetii (Velloziaceae)
Barbacenia
blanchetii
(Velloziaceae)
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Campo rupestre
Campo
rupestre
Cassia spectabilis
Cassia
spectabilis
Cigarra
Cigarra
Diversidade
Diversidade
Diversidade
Diversidade
Diversidade
Diversidade
Encyclia alboxanthina
Encyclia
alboxanthina
Encyclia alboxanthina
Encyclia
alboxanthina
Encyclia alboxanthina
Encyclia
alboxanthina
Gafanhoto
Gafanhoto
Gafanhoto
Gafanhoto
Gafanhoto
Gafanhoto
Habitante
Habitante
Habitante
Habitante
Habitante
Habitante
Hippeastrum species (Amaryllidaceae)
Hippeastrum
species
(Amaryllidaceae)
Hippeastrum species (Amaryllidaceae)
Hippeastrum
species
(Amaryllidaceae)
Huperzia mooreana (Lycopodiaceae)
Huperzia
mooreana
(Lycopodiaceae)
Jaca or Jackfruit
Jaca or
Jackfruit
Jacaranda
Jacaranda
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Malvaceae
Malvaceae
Palmeira_Babacu
Palmeira
Babacu
Palmeira_Babacu
Palmeira
Babacu
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Ruinas
Guardians of the ruins
Guardians of
the ruins
Stephanocereus luetzelburgii
Stephanocereus
luetzelburgii
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Touro
Touro
Touro
Touro
Vellozia species (Velloziaceae)
Vellozia
species
(Velloziaceae)
Vellozia squamata
Vellozia
squamata
Vellozia squamata
Vellozia
squamata
Vellozia squamata
Vellozia
squamata
Vellozia squamata
Vellozia
squamata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea exaltata
Vriesea
exaltata
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia


Chapter 9 - Introduction

Chapter 9 - Jacobina and the Neighborhood, Part I

Chapter 9 - Morro do Chapéu

Chapter 9 - A moment frozen in time


http://fcbs.org/                      © Copyright Notice: All photos copyright Oscar Ribeiro, Bromeliário Imperialis