Cadeia do Espinhaço

Chapter 9

Jacobina and the Neighborhood

Part I

This chapter contains over 200 photos of several municipalities in the vicinity of Jacobina, some at a distance of 100 kms or more. I´ve made an effort to visit and to show the dramatic differences of the biomes Cerrado and Caatinga where the variation of topography impacts the botanical aspect of the environment. "Distribution ranges of plant species are related to physical variables of ecosystems that limit plant growth. Therefore, each plant species response to physical factors builds up the functional diversity of an ecosystem. The higher the species richness of an ecosystem, the larger the probability of maintaining functions and the higher the potential number of plant functional groups (FGs). Thus, the richness potentially increases the number of functions of the highly diverse Atlantic Rainforest domain in Brazil. Severe plant growth limitations caused by stress, however, decrease species richness." ¹

In 2012, while exploring an area of Caatinga in Ourolandia (50kms of terrible sandy road!) I found a bromeliad which I was unable to recognize. It was not in flower. It had a different shape, distinguishing itself from the predominant species of the region: Neoglaziovia variegata (in thousands), Bromelia sp and Aechmea aquilega. After a few months and to my utter surprise, Rafael Louzada to whom I had forwarded a sample of the plant, confirmed it to be a new species of Hohenbergia which he described and named as Hohenbergia lativaginata. Exclusive! See here the very first photos of this new species in its habitat. Needless to say Adroaldo and I were exultant with the finding. It is my third new species of Hohenbergia discovered in Bahia: Hohenbergia igatuensis (Chapada Diamantina, Igatu - 2003) and Hohenbergia magnispina (Morro do Chapéu, 2003).

In 2013, I revisited the habitat of Hohenbergia lativaginata. This time I found few individuals in flower! Mulford Foster expressed my feelings very well: "My first sight of a Hohenbergia in flower was in 1939 when Racine and I visited Bahia in Brazil. Here we found Hohenbergia stellata in the trees very near the city's edge. It was a glorious sight with clusters of brilliant crimson red bracts, flowers like so many stars shooting beautiful blue petals from their strobilate heads. This was one bromeliad, we were sure, that must go back alive to Florida to brighten our garden in the winter months; thus, Hohenbergia stellata came to American horticulture. Only a colored photo (which we are pleased to include) can express its startling brilliance." ²

Prepare your heart for the photos of the population of Orthophytum navioides, THE most amazing I have ever seen in nature! It was well worth the effort dispensed to find it on top of a big mountain. An unforgettable experience.

See also the shots of my first encounter with Orthophytum maracasense and Orthophytum saxicola in habitat. And a big surprise: Orthophytum maracasense as epiphyte in a licuri palm (Syagrus coronata)! This palm is the home of the beautiful and endangered Lear's Macaw (Anodorhynchus leari).

The Cerrado is a miracle. Read this new finding: "A carnivorous plant that can eat tiny worms thanks to its unusual underground leaves has been discovered in Brazil. The Philcoxia minensis plant has flowering leaves above the ground too, but it's what's beneath the soil that has fascinated scientists. The subterranean leaves, each about the size of a pinhead, are able to absorb some light through the white soil of the Cerrado, a tropical savannah region in Brazil." ³

In retrospect, I have no doubt that my field trips offer many rewarding benefits. Meeting people is a privilege and a renewed lesson to be remembered. The humbleness and simplicity of some folks are a reminder of the virtues I must pursue if I want to be happy and in peace.

¹ http://www.lerf.esalq.usp.br/divulgacao/recomendados/artigos/Saporetti-Junior2012.pdf

² Brazil, Orchid of the Tropics - 1945 by Mulford B Foster; Racine Sarasy Foster

³http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2085079/Worm-eating-plant-Philcoxia-minensis-discovered-Brazil-traps-prey-sticky-underground-leaves.html#ixzz2avrzirKo

More info: http://journal.bsi.org/V06/4/


Photos by Oscar Ribeiro

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Getting there
Getting there
Landscape
Landscape
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Getting there
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Aechmea lingulatoides
Aechmea
lingulatoides
Algaroba
Algaroba
Alstroemeria species
Alstroemeria
species
Arbusto
Arbusto
Arvore
Arvore
Barriguda
Barriguda
Barriguda
Barriguda
Barriguda
Barriguda
Barriguda
Barriguda
Billbergia porteana
Billbergia
porteana
Billbergia porteana
Billbergia
porteana
Billbergia porteana
Billbergia
porteana
Bromeliad biota
Bromeliad
biota
Bromeliad biota
Bromeliad
biota
Bromeliad biota
Bromeliad
biota
Bromelia species
Bromelia
species
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia laciniosa
Bromelia
laciniosa
Bromelia laciniosa
Bromelia
laciniosa
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga (Neoglaziovia variegata)
Caatinga
(Neoglaziovia
variegata)
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Caatinga
Cachoeira
Cachoeira
Cachoeira
Cachoeira
Cachoeira
Cachoeira
Cachoeira
Cachoeira
Cansancao
Cansancao
Carcara
Carcara
Cereus jamacaru
Cereus
jamacaru
Cereus jamacaru
Cereus
jamacaru
Cereus jamacaru
Cereus
jamacaru
Corrupiao
Corrupiao
Cottendorfia florida
Cottendorfia
florida
Cottendorfia florida
Cottendorfia
florida
Cottendorfia florida
Cottendorfia
florida
Cottendorfia florida
Cottendorfia
florida
Cottendorfia florida
Cottendorfia
florida
Crypthanthus warren-loosei
Crypthanthus
warren-loosei
Crypthanthus warren-loosei
Crypthanthus
warren-loosei
Crypthanthus warren-loosei
Crypthanthus
warren-loosei
Crypthanthus warren-loosei
Crypthanthus
warren-loosei
Crypthanthus warren-loosei
Crypthanthus
warren-loosei
Crypthanthus warren-loosei
Crypthanthus
warren-loosei
Dioclea grandiflora (LEGUMINOSAE)
Dioclea
grandiflora
(LEGUMINOSAE)
Discocactus zehntneri
Discocactus
zehntneri
Diversity
Diversity
Drought
Drought
Drought
Drought
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Encholirium species
Encholirium
species
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Euphorbia phosphorea (Euphorbiaceae)
Euphorbia
phosphorea
(Euphorbiaceae)
Flor
Flor
Forno (oven)
Forno
(oven)
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Habitation
Harrisia adscendens
Harrisia
adscendens
Hohenbergia lativaginata and Cactacea
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
and Cactacea
Hohenbergia lativaginata and Cactacea
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
and Cactacea
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hohenbergia lativaginata
Hohenbergia
lativaginata
Hospedeira
Hospedeira
Igreja
Igreja
Ipomoea incarnata (CONVOLVULACEAE)
Ipomoea
incarnata
(Convolvulaceae)
Jacaranda irwinii (BIGNONIACEAE)
Jacaranda
irwinii
(BIGNONIACEAE)
Pistia stratiotes (ARACEAE)
Pistia
stratiotes
(ARACEAE)
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
LIbelula
LIbelula
Lichen
Lichen
Mandacaru
Mandacaru
(Cereus
jamacaru)
Mandacaru
Mandacaru
(Cereus
jamacaru)
Melocactus glaucescens
Melocactus
glaucescens
Melocactus zehntneri
Melocactus
zehntneri
Melocactus zehntneri
Melocactus
zehntneri
Mico
Mico
Micranthocereus polyanthus subsp. alvinii
Micranthocereus
polyanthus
subsp. alvinii
Micranthocereus polyanthus subsp. alvinii
Micranthocereus
polyanthus
subsp. alvinii
Mimosa species
Mimosa species
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum navioides
Orthophytum
navioides
Orthophytum navioides
Orthophytum
navioides
Orthophytum navioides
Orthophytum
navioides
Orthophytum navioides
Orthophytum
navioides
Orthophytum navioides
Orthophytum
navioides
Orthophytum navioides
Orthophytum
navioides
Orthophytum navioides
Orthophytum
navioides
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Opuntia ficus-indica
Opuntia
ficus-indica
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Oscar and Norman in paradise
Oscar and Norman
in paradise
Palicourea marcgravii (Rubiaceae)
Palicourea
marcgravii
(Rubiaceae)
Palicourea marcgravii (Rubiaceae)
Palicourea
marcgravii
(Rubiaceae)
Passaro
Passaro
Pavonia species (Malvaceae)
Pavonia species
(Malvaceae)
Perereca
Perereca
Pilosocereus tuberculatus
Pilosocereus
tuberculatus
Pilosocereus tuberculatus
Pilosocereus
tuberculatus
Poco azul
Poco azul
Poco azul
Poco azul
Poco azul
Poco azul
Poco azul
Poco azul
Portulaca species (Portulaceae)
Portulaca
species
(Portulaceae)
Sempre viva
Sempre viva
Sempre viva
Sempre viva
Tacinga inamoena
Tacinga
inamoena
Tacinga inamoena
Tacinga
inamoena
Tacinga inamoena
Tacinga
inamoena
Tacinga werneri
Tacinga
werneri
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia recurvata
Tillandsia
recurvata
Tillandsia recurvata
Tillandsia
recurvata
Tillandsia streptocarpa
Tillandsia
streptocarpa
Tillandsia streptocarpa
Tillandsia
streptocarpa
Vava and Norman
Vava and
Norman
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Oscar in paradise
Oscar in paradise


Chapter 9 - Introduction

Chapter 9 - São Miguel das Figuras

Chapter 9 - Morro do Chapéu

Chapter 9 - A moment frozen in time


http://fcbs.org/                      © Copyright Notice: All photos copyright Oscar Ribeiro, Bromeliário Imperialis