Cadeia do Espinhaço

Chapter 10

Jacobina and the Neighborhood

Part II

"Youth is happy because it has the capacity to see beauty.
Anyone who keeps the ability to see beauty never grows old."

Franz Kafka

Dear reader,

Welcome to a new chapter of our journey to the Cadeia do Espinhaço, the fabulous and diversified chain of mountains where wilderness still reigns in large portions and history melts with the present in surprising ways. In my wanderings on the Caatinga and Cerrado I often have the impression that the clock has stopped and I am transported to a distant past. A comforting sensation of déjà vu.

The northwest of Bahia remains a jewel however battered by the extremes of the climate and overlooked by all level of authorities. In 2014 I visited new extraordinary habitats and met wonderful folks, all struggling to survive in places that offer no jobs and where land and climate (severe drought) are permanent challenges. The illegal deforestation of the Cerrado, dehydrating the soil irreversibly, continues unpunished. Sadly, my remark of years ago stands valid: "Monoculture, fire and other harmful factors are destroying these biomes forever. Undoubtedly, this will result in climate change and loss of species. What was once the habitat of diversified forms of life is now at risk of becoming a desert." How will we feed our population in the future? Globally speaking, the question is more preoccupying. See here.

If you are an enthusiast of bromeliads, orchids and cacti you must visit the area. It also offers fantastic opportunities of adventure in the heart of nature: spectacular landscape, rich fauna, waterfalls, nice people and rich cuisine.

The fauna and flora of Bahia is in decline. Biodiversity is lost at an alarming rate. In 2014 alone the Brazilian savannah lost 6.000 km2 to criminal fires, greed, incompetence and impunity.

The record drought of 2015 hurt very badly the poorest states of Brazil´s Northeast. I visited habitats of superb flora and landscape where Bromeliaceae thrives spectacularly in spite of the adverse conditions. But resilience has a limit, right? I saw Aechmea multiflora, Aechmea patentissima, Billbergia porteana, Encholirium brachypodum, Encholirium spectabile, Hohenbergia catingae (green and red form), Neoglaziovia variegata, Orthophytum catingae, Orthophytum maracasense, Orthophytum saxicola and two unidentified Orhtophytum species (new?), Tillandsia retrorsa and Tillandsia stricta.

Inexplicably, the leisure industry despises the extraordinary potential of the region and the inhabitants suffer the consequences of unemployment and lack of public investment in basic infrastructure. If you plan a visit, the accommodations offered in larger cities such as Jacobina are perfectly acceptable with the advantages of the sporadic tourists. In some places I am received with a sentiment of surprise. Once a local small farmer who was serving as my guide asked why had I come to his small village. Upon learning that I had travelled from Rio de Janeiro in search of Orthophytum navioides (showed him a photo) he couldn't contain his surprise: "And you came this far just for a wild plant?"

Life is short. Happy New Year!

Oscar - Dec. 2015

http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/cotidiano/2015/11/1709460-infratores-ambientais-pagam-so-87-das-multas-aplicadas-pelo-ibama.shtml

http://www.otempo.com.br/cidades/ibama-recebe-apenas-1-8-de-todas-as-multas-que-aplica-1.1175648


Photos by Oscar Ribeiro

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Adroaldo and Pedro
Adroaldo
and Pedro
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea aquilega
Aechmea
aquilega
Aechmea bromelifolia
Aechmea
bromelifolia
Aechmea bromelifolia
Aechmea
bromelifolia
Aechmea species
Aechmea
species
Aechmea patentissima
Aechmea
patentissima
Aechmea species
Aechmea
species
Aloe vera
Aloe vera
(Asphodelaceae)
A place in the sun
A place
in the sun
Arvore
Arvore
Arvore
Arvore
Billbergia porteana
Billbergia
porteana
Billbergia porteana
Billbergia
porteana
Bodinho
Bodinho
Bomarea (Liliaceae)
Bomarea
(Liliaceae)
Borboleta
Borboleta
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Bromelia arenaria
Bromelia
arenaria
Melocactus ernestii
Melocactus
ernestii
Melocactus oreas subsp. cremnophilus
Melocactus oreas
subsp.
cremnophilus
Melocactus oreas subsp. cremnophilus
Melocactus oreas
subsp.
cremnophilus
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Casa no campo
Cassutinga Croton heliotropiifolius (Euphorbiaceae)
Cassutinga
Croton
heliotropiifolius
(Euphorbiaceae)
Ceiba glaziovii (Malvaceae)
Ceiba glaziovii
(Malvaceae)
Centrosema coriaceum (Leguminosae)
Centrosema
coriaceum
(Leguminosae)
Commiphora leptophloeos (Burseraceae)
Commiphora
leptophloeos
(Burseraceae)
Corn on the cob
Corn on the cob
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Diversity
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Dyckia species
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium brachypodum
Encholirium
brachypodum
Encholirium spectabile
Encholirium
spectabile
Encholirium spectabile
Encholirium
spectabile
Encholirium spectabile
Encholirium
spectabile
Encholirium spectabile
Encholirium
spectabile
Encholirium spectabile
Encholirium
spectabile
Encholirium spectabile
Encholirium
spectabile
Entre amigos
Entre amigos
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Epifitas
Flamboyant
Flamboyant
Hohenbergia
Hohenbergia
Hohenbergia
Hohenbergia
Hohenbergia
Hohenbergia
Hohenbergia catingae
Hohenbergia
catingae
Hohenbergia catingae
Hohenbergia
catingae
Hohenbergia catingae
Hohenbergia
catingae
Hohenbergia catingae RED
Hohenbergia
catingae
RED
Inselberg
Inselberg
Itapicuru
Itapicuru
Jiboia
Jiboia
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lagarto
Lajeado branco
Lajeado branco
Lajeado branco
Lajeado branco
Lajeado branco
Lajeado branco
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Landscape
Lichen
Lichen
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Neoglaziovia variegata
Neoglaziovia
variegata
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orchidaceae
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum
Orthophytum catingae
Orthophytum
catingae
Orthophytum catingae
Orthophytum
catingae
Orthophytum catingae
Orthophytum
catingae
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum
maracasense
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Orthophytum saxicola
Orthophytum
saxicola
Partnership
Partnership
Pedro
Pedro
Pedro
Pedro
Perereca
Perereca
Pilosocereus pachycladus
Pilosocereus
pachycladus
Pilosocereus pachycladus
Pilosocereus
pachycladus
Portulaca (Portulaceae)
Portulaca
(Portulaceae)
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Road to Heaven
Salanum (Solanaceae)
Salanum
(Solanaceae)
Sida galheirensis (Malvaceae)
Sida galheirensis
(Malvaceae)
Syagrus (Arecaceae)
Syagrus
(Arecaceae)
Syagrus (Arecaceae)
Syagrus
(Arecaceae)
Syagrus vagans
Syagrus
vagans
Syagrus vagans
Syagrus
vagans
Tacinga palmadora
Tacinga
palmadora
Temnadenia violacea (Apocynaceae)
Temnadenia
violacea
(Apocynaceae)
Terrain
Terrain
Terrain
Terrain
Terrain
Terrain
The Circle of life
The Circle
of life
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
The earth is laughing
The earth
is laughing
Tibouchina (Melastomataceae)
Tibouchina
(Melastomataceae)
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia
Tillandsia retrorsa
Tillandsia
retrorsa
Tillandsia retrorsa
Tillandsia
retrorsa
Tillandsia retrorsa
Tillandsia
retrorsa
Tillandsia retrorsa
Tillandsia
retrorsa
Tillandsia retrorsa
Tillandsia
retrorsa
Tillandsia retrorsa
Tillandsia
retrorsa
Tillandsia species
Tillandsia
species
Tillandsia species
Tillandsia
species
Tillandsia species
Tillandsia
species
Tillandsia species
Tillandsia
species
Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia
tenuifolia
Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia
tenuifolia
Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia
tenuifolia
Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia
tenuifolia
Tillandsia tenuifolia
Tillandsia
tenuifolia
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Tres Morros
Vassouras
Vassouras
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Vriesea lancifolia
Vriesea
lancifolia
Watch your step
Watch your
step
Water is a miracle
Water is a
miracle
Water is a miracle
Water is a
miracle
Water is a miracle
Water is a
miracle
Xique xique (Pilosocereus polygonus)
Xique xique
(Pilosocereus
polygonus)
Oscar at Curral dos Bodes
Oscar
Curral dos Bodes
Por do sol
Por do sol


http://fcbs.org/                      © Copyright Notice: All photos copyright Oscar Ribeiro, Bromeliário Imperialis